Architectural Heritage

There are a diverse number of architectural styles that can be seen in historic commercial and residential areas throughout the Muscle Shoals National Heritage Area (MSNHA). The region has a large concentration of Victorian style homes, as well as more unique styles including a Frank Lloyd Wright house and post-WWII Lustrom houses. Several great examples of Art Deco, Federal, and 19th and 20thcentury revival styles can be found in the region's commercial district. The region is also known for its beautiful old churches. The following are the main types of architectural styles that can be found in the MSNHA.

Federal

Late 18th century to mid 19th century. The following homes and buildings are registered with the National Register of Historic Places and represent the Federal architectural style.

Colbert County:
Belle Mont (Tuscumbia)
Old Brick Presbyterian Church (Leighton)
Preuit Oaks (Leighton)
John Daniel Rather House (Locust Hill)

Lauderdale County:
George Coulter House (Florence)
Karsner-Carroll House (Florence)
Gov. Robert Patton House (Florence)
Sannoner Historic District (Florence)

Lawrence County:
John McMahon House (Courtland)
Pond Spring The General Joe Wheeler Home – The Sherrod House (Hillsboro)

Limestone County:
George S. Houston Historic District (Athens)
Gov. George Smith Houston House (Athens)

Morgan County:
Somerville Courthouse (Somerville)
State Bank Building (Decatur)

 

19th and 20th Century Revivals

19th century to 20th century. The primary revival styles that can be found in the region include Greek, Gothic, Italianate, Colonial, Tudor, and Classical. The following homes and buildings are registered with the National Register of Historic Places and represent the 19th and 20th century revival architectural style.

Colbert County:
Barton Hall – Greek Revival (Cherokee)
Johnson's Woods – Classical Revival (Tuscumbia)
Felix Grundy Norman – Greek Revival (Tuscumbia)
The Oaks – Gothic Revival (Tuscumbia)
Preuit Oaks – Greek Revival (Leighton)
Sheffield Downtown Commercial District – Classical Revival, Italianate Revival, Colonial Revival (Sheffield)

Lauderdale County:
College Place Historic District (Florence)
Courtview (Rogers Hall) – Greek Revival (Florence)
Downtown Florence Historic District – Italianate Revival, Colonial Revival (Florence)
Larimore House – Gothic Revival (Florence)
Locust Street Historic District – Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals (Florence)
Sannoner Historic District – Greek Revival (Florence)
Southall Drugs – Italianate Revival (Florence)
Walnut Street Historic District – Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Colonial Revival (Florence)
Wesleyan Hall – Gothic Revival (Florence)
Wilson Park Houses District – Colonial Revival (Florence)
Wood Ave. Historic District – Colonial Revival, Tudor Revival (Florence)

Lawrence County:
Courtland Historic District – Colonial Revival (Courtland)
Goode-Hall House (Saunders House) – Classical Revival (Town Creek)
Pond Spring The Joe Wheeler Home – The Wheeler House – Second Empire (Hillsboro)

Limestone County:
Athens Courthouse Square Commercial Historic District – Classical Revival, Late Gothic Revival, Greek Revival (Athens)
Athens State College Historic District – Greek Revival, Other Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals (Athens)
Cave Place – Greek Revival (Athens)
George S. Houston District – Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals (Athens)
Old Athens, Alabama Main Post Office – Classical Revival (Athens)
Robert Beaty Historic District – Mid 19th Century Revivals (Athens)
Woodside – Greek Revival (Belle Mina)

Morgan County:
Bank Street Historic District – Italianate Revival, Other Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals (Decatur)
Forest Home – Greek Revival (Trinity)
Hartselle Downtown Commercial Historic District – Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals (Hartselle)
New Decatur-Albany Historic District – Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals (Decatur)
Old State Bank – Greek Revival (Decatur)

 

Victorian

Mid 19th century to early 20th century. The following homes and buildings are registered with the National Register of Historic Places and represent the Victorian architectural style.

Lauderdale County:
Locust Street Historic District (Florence)
Sannoner Historic District (Florence)
Walnut Street Historic District (Florence)

Morgan County:
Albany Heritage Neighborhood Historic District (Decatur)
Bank Street Historic District (Decatur)
New Decatur-Albany Historic District (Decatur)

 

Bungalow/Craftsman

Early 20th century to mid 20th century. The following homes and buildings are registered with the National Register of Historic Places and represent the Federal architectural style.

Colbert County:
Tuscumbia Historic District (Tuscumbia)

Lauderdale County:
Cherry Street Historic District (Florence)
College Place Historic District (Florence)
Seminar-O'Neal Historic District (Florence)
Walnut Street Historic District (Florence)
Wood Avenue Historic District (Florence)

Lawrence County:
Courtland Historic District (Courtland)

Limestone County:
George S. Houston Historic District (Athens)

Morgan County:
Albany Heritage Neighborhood Historic District (Decatur)
Bank Street Historic District (Decatur)

 

Modern Styles

The region has several modern architectural styles of interest. The Rosenbaum House in Florence, Alabama, is a wonderful example of Frank Lloyd Wright's architectural style and is the only house in Alabama that Wright constructed.

In Colbert County, Nitrate Village One is a neighborhood of stucco and red-tiled-roofed bungalow houses that were built by the U.S. government for workers at a local WWI nitrate plant. The streets of this neighborhood are laid out in a liberty bell figure.

Also in the area are several examples of Lustrom houses (E.H. Darby Lustron House – Florence, Clyde Williamson Lustrom House – Florence, and E.L. Newman Lustron House – Sheffield). Lustrom houses were prefabricated enamel steel houses that were constructed following WWII.

 

Other Architectural Styles

Some of the other noted architectural styles in the Muscle Shoals National Heritage Area include art deco (Princess Theatre – Decatur and Ritz Theatre – Sheffield), Queen Anne (Chambers-Robison House – Sheffield, and Cherry Street and Wood Avenue Historic Districts in Florence), and the Tidewater Cottage (Peter F. Armistead, Sr. House and William Koger House in Florence).

Partnered with UNA.